The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the „backstop“) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. After the document was signed in Brussels, it was brought to Downing Street by EU and British officials to be signed by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, which expires on Friday. The agreement will then return to Brussels, and a copy of that convention will remain in London. After winning a Conservative majority in the elections, the law was revised and reintroduced on 19 December, after being passed at second reading the following day. The revision of the law in December repealed the provisions adopted in previous versions of parliamentary control of the Brexit negotiations.  On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and the support of the British government cabinet, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  6.La general implementation of the corresponding EEA-EFTA and Swiss agreements under the English votes for English laws procedure certifies to the spokesperson the spokesperson of bills or legislation exclusively relating to England and/or England and Wales. With regard to financial accounts, the spokesperson may certify funding applications or clauses or timetables exclusively relating to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. (Similar information about the invoice itself is available in the explanatory notes- see above.). This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal.
On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the „backstop“) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a „hard“ border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  On July 24, 2018, the government presented a white paper on the bill and how legislation works.  The bill was first introduced by the government at the second session stagnated on 21 October 2019 by the government, entitled „A Bill to Implement, and make other provision in connection with, the agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU under Art 50, paragraph 2 of the Treaty on European Union which sets the arrangements for the rekingdom from the EU“.  This bill was not discussed further after second reading in the House of Commons on October 22, 2019, and passed on November 6, when Parliament was dissolved in preparation for the 2019 general election.