If the work was created by an independent contractor, it can only be considered a „loan work“ if (a) it falls within one of the nine categories described in the Copyright Act, including „collective work“ or „compilations“ and (b) there is a written agreement between the parties indicating that it is a „rental work“. 22 A „compilation“ is a work „made by collecting and assembling materials already present … Selected, coordinated or organized in such a way that the work created as a whole constitutes an original work of fatherhood. „Collective work“ is a work in which a series of contributions, which form autonomous and autonomous works in themselves, are brought together into a collective ensemble23 examples of „collective work“ are a periodic edition, an anthology and an encyclopedia. In the case of joint works prepared by two or more artists, one of them renounces the rights of all. It is therefore essential that joint artists have prior agreement on their VARA rights, as the unilateral exercise of a waiver by one has the effect of forenouncing all the artists involved.16 The agreement has had the effect of controversy both within the NSDAP and in the Zionist movement. Historian Edwin Black said: „The transfer agreement tore the Jewish world apart, turned against the Fuhrer, threatened rebellion and even assassination.“  The resistance came in particular from the American leadership of the World Zionist Congress, in particular Abba Hillel Silver and the president of the American Jewish Congress, Rabbi Stephen Wise.  Weise and other leaders of the 1933 anti-Nazi boycott argued against the agreement and failed to convince the 19th Zionist Congress to vote against it in August 1935.  5. Although the United States has not yet passed resale cost legislation (with the exception of the State of California), artists may be able to contractually obtain what other countries have provided for by including in each commission/sales contract the requirement that subsequent sales contracts designate the artist (and his successors and beneficiaries) as third-party beneficiaries that they contract as a percentage of the resale price.
The „Haavara“ Trust and Transfer Office Ltd. makes available to the banks of Palestine sums in Mark of the Reich that have been made available to Jewish immigrants from Germany. Banks use these amounts in the Reichsmark to make payments on behalf of Palestinian merchants for goods they import from Germany. Traders pay the value of the goods to the banks and „Haavara“ AG pays the counter-value to Jewish immigrants from Germany. As local traders make use of this regime, the importation of German products will be used to withdraw Jewish capital from Germany. The Trust and Transfer Office, HAAVARA, a Jewish property transfer company from Nazi Germany to Palestine. Haavara Ltd. was established in Tel Aviv following an agreement reached in August 1933 with the German government to facilitate the emigration of Jews to Palestine by allowing the transfer of their capital in the form of German export goods.