If you have contributed to both Canada`s pension plan and the Swedish pension program, or if you have lived in Canada and Sweden, this agreement can help you: An agreement valid on January 1, 1987 between the United States and Sweden improves social protection for people who work or have worked in both countries. It helps many people who, in the absence of the agreement, would not be entitled to monthly pension, disability or survival benefits under the social security system of one or both countries. It also helps people who would otherwise have to pay social security contributions to the two countries with the same incomes. The table below outlines the different types of social security benefits to be paid under the social security plans of the United States and Sweden and briefly outlines the eligibility requirements normally applicable to each type of benefit. If you do not meet the normal conditions for these benefits, the agreement can help you qualify (see „How Benefits Can Be Paid“). To qualify for U.S. or Swedish benefits as part of the agreement, follow the instructions in the „Benefits Rights“ section. This document discusses the strengths of the agreement and how it can help you work and apply for benefits. Under the U.S.
Social Security program, salaried workers and their employers, as well as the self-employed, are required to pay social security taxes. Under the Swedish scheme, employers (but not employees) and the self-employed must pay social security contributions. Prior to the agreement, employers and self-employed workers may, in certain circumstances, be required to pay social security contributions in the United States and Sweden for the same work. According to the agreement, when you work as a worker in the United States, you are generally covered by the United States, and you and your employer pay social security taxes only in the United States. When you work as a worker in Sweden, you are usually covered by Sweden and your employer only pays social security taxes in Sweden. Sweden has a new pension scheme covering people born in 1938 or later. People who were born in 1937 or earlier will only continue to receive their benefits under the old system. People born between 1938 and 1953 receive part of their benefits under the old system and part under the new system.
People born in 1954 or later receive their benefits only under the new system. For the United States, the agreement includes Social Security taxes (including Medicare`s U.S. share) and social security, disability and survival benefits. It does not cover benefits under the U.S. Medicare program or the ISS (security supplement). If you do not agree with the decision on your entitlement to benefits under the agreement, contact a U.S. or Swedish social security office. The people there can tell you what you need to do to appeal the decision.