The framework for EU relations with Ukraine is established by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (CPA) which came into force in 1998. In 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed the Association Agreement, which has been in the works since 2008 and aims to replace the existing Partnership and Cooperation Agreement and create a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade area. The political component of the agreement has been applied provisionally since 1 November 2014, as it falls within the scope of the EU`s powers alone. The part of the agreement, which provides for a free trade agreement, has been applied on an interim basis since 1 January 2016, including to the extent that the EU is the only one with the power to implement it. Updated because the EU has informed countries with which it has trade agreements that EU trade agreements can continue to apply to the UK during the transition period. One study showed that eu trade agreements implemented during the 1993-2013 period „reduced quality-adjusted prices by almost 7%.“  The EU is New Zealand`s second largest trading partner. In 2019, the volume of trade amounted to more than 9 billion euros. Agricultural products account for the largest share of New Zealand`s exports to the EU, while the EU mainly exports finished and industrial products to New Zealand. In 2019, Germany`s trade surplus with New Zealand amounted to 2.7 billion euros and EU companies accounted for more than 10 billion euros of foreign direct investment in New Zealand. Changes to progress in agreements with Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. Updates the statistics for the UK`s overall trade with the countries we have signed up with the use of the latest statistics. The European Union has free trade agreements  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries around the world and negotiates with many other countries.
 In 2019, bilateral trade between Germany and Vietnam amounted to about 14 billion euros. The stock of German direct investment in Vietnam amounted to about 840 million euros in 2017. More than 300 German companies are currently active in the Vietnamese market. The EU and Finland, for example, have a trade agreement with Canada, Mexico, South Korea, Switzerland, Japan and Singapore. An agreement with Vietnam came into force on 1 August 2020.